NERC Flyer (document)
Electrical Transmission Systems Technology (ETST) Course Descriptions
Students choosing to complete all courses within the Electrical Transmission Systems Technology program can follow the recommended sequence below or create a customized schedule based on their needs. The NECE recommends that students consult with their academic advisor prior to registration for academic advice based on individual educational plans.
Recommended Sequence - 1st Semester
ETST 240 Power Industry Concepts
ETST 242 Applied Mathematics for System Operators
ENRT 106 DC Fundamentals
ENRT 108 AC Fundamentals
ETST 250 Electrical Generation Theory
ETST 254 System Elements I - Substations
Recommended Sequence - 2nd Semester
ETST 256 System Elements II - Transformers
ETST 258 System Elements III - Protective Relaying
ETST 260 Electrical Diagram Interpretation
ETST 262 Power System Operations
ETST 266 Interconnected System Operations
ETST 268 Power Flow
Recommended Sequence - 3rd Semester
ETST 270 System Operator Work Practices
ETST 272 Power System Safety
ETST 274 Communication & Control Technology
ETST 276 Power System Economics
ETST 278 Power System Emergency Concepts
ETST 280 Reliability Policies & Procedures
In addition to the courses listed above, 15 general education credits are required.
Please visit the Education Plan link for additional information.
For more information on the types of CEH hours available with each course click the NERC CEH flyer link below.
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NERC CEH Flyer
Electrical Transmission Systems Technology (ETST) Course Descriptions
1st Semester Courses
ETST 240 - Power Industry Concepts - 3 Credits - 38 CEHs
This course is designed to cover the basic role system operators and electrical dispatchers play in the electric power industry. In addition, students will study the history, development and evolution of the electric industry since inception. This course also explores the effects of deregulation of modern day electrical markets. This course concludes with the working environment of system operators, including some of the challenges they face, such as shift work, certification, and the tremendous amount of responsibility operating in a real time market.
ETST 242 - Applied Mathematics for System Operators - 2 Credits - 20.5 CEHs
This course is designed to provide a review of basic mathematical concepts required for work as an electrical transmission systems operator. In addition to basic mathematics, students will study basic trigonometry, vectors and phasors, and the relationship these mathematical functions have to work as a system operator.
ENRT 106 - DC Fundamentals - 2 Credits- 37 CEHs
This course covers basic direct current theories and applies those theories to the electrical system and related equipment. Students will study methods of producing a voltage, such as batteries, magnetic fields, basic series and parallel circuits. Students will also study basic DC circuit calculations.
ENRT 108 - AC Fundamentals - 3 Credits - 35 CEHs
This course is designed to cover basic alternating current theories and applies those theories to electrical transmission and distribution systems and related equipment. This course also covers generator and motor design, construction and operating principles.
ETST 250 - Electrical Generation Theory - 4 Credits - 38 CEHs
Students will learn the design and construction of large electrical generators. Students will study the sources of voltage and the design and types of A.C. and D.C. generators and related auxiliary equipment. Students will also study the design and operation of A.C. and D.C. motors.
ETST 254 - System Elements I - Substations - 3 Credits - 23.5 CEHs
This course is designed to cover the basic equipment found in switchyards and substations. Also included are the functions and types of substations, related transmission and distribution systems, and how each system is tied to one another.
2nd Semester Courses
ETST 256 - System Elements II - Transformers - 3 Credits - 33 CEHs
This course builds upon System Elements I by introducing basic diagrams, transformers, switching and basic substation safety and inspection. Topics covered in this course will include interpreting one-line diagrams, exploring power and specialty transformers, the six basic steps of switching and lock-out/tag-out (LOTO) procedures.
ETST 258 - System Elements III - Protective Relaying - 3 credits - 32 CEHs
As the last of the System Element courses, this course will focus on protective relaying of substation equipment and transmission lines. Details found in this course include practical understanding and identification of protective and control equipment, zones of protection, protection schemes, and relay communication systems.
ETST 260 - Electrical Diagram Interpretation - 2 Credits - 15.5 CEHs
This course will cover electrical diagrams including single line diagrams, schematic diagrams and logic diagrams. This course will focus on the system operator's perspective and the role diagram comprehension plays in an operator's job performance.
ETST 262 - Power System Operations - 3 Credits - 37.5 CEHs
This course will cover the basic roles and responsibilities of system operators including transmission operations, market operations, reliability, balance and interchange and scheduling. The goal of this course is to introduce the multitude of positions found in a typical transmission control center.
ETST 266 - Interconnected System Operations - 3 Credits - 29.5 CEHs
This course will cover the operation of power pools, regional reliability organizations and independent system operators and the role of each. In addition, this course will cover interconnected switching procedures between utilities.
ETST 268 - Power Flow - 3 Credits - 29 CEHs
In this course, students will study the control of power flow through interconnected systems and the operation of parallel power systems. The topics will include generator synchronization, phase angle, VAR control and line voltage regulation. Procedures for controlling electrical power flows to maintain steady state conditions across the power grid will also be a focus of this course.
3rd Semester Courses
ETST 270 - System Operator Work Practices - 3 Credits - 41 CEHs
In this course students will learn the role a System Operator plays in the delivery of power and the operation and maintenance of the transmission system. Students will learn what is expected of a System Operator including desired personal characteristics, working environment, employer's expectations/qualifications, educational and training requirements, certification requirements, role in performing reliability functions, tasks and duties and behavior required under code of conduct and other regulatory and legislative orders.
ETST 272 - Power System Safety - 3 Credits - 25 CEHs
This course will cover the safe operating practices, system isolation procedures, and accident prevention procedures used in the transmission and distribution of power. Emphasis will be placed on electrical system lock out and safety procedure
ETST 274 - Communication & Control Technology - 2 Credits - 21 CEHs
This course covers the theory and application of various communications technologies used in the electric industry.
ETST 276 - Power System Economics - 3 Credits - 42 CEHs
This course covers economic factors governing electrical system operations. Costs of generation, transmission and distribution will be explained. The organization of markets for electrical energy and how this structure affects participating companies operational and investment decisions will be presented and discussed. The effects of congestion, transmission losses and penalty factors will be studied. Load management, scheduling and pricing will be a focus as well.
ETST 278 - Power System Emergency Concepts - 3 Credits - 33 CEHs
This course is designed to concentrate on recognition of and reaction to power system emergencies, and the implementation and coordination of proper procedures to restore the electrical system to a safe operating condition. Learners will study substation bus configurations and the protection schemes used to respond to emergencies within the electrical system. Effective and safe restoration of system operation through proper switching procedures will also be described.
ETST 280 - Reliability Policies & Procedures - 3 Credits - 53 CEHs
This course is designed to familiarize and help the student understand the policies and procedures that ensure the reliability of the power system. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) standards, as well as other regulatory agency policies will be explained and discussed. Government agencies, reliability regions, and state reliability concerns will also be defined and discussed.